Hypogonadism is a condition in which one or both the testis are smaller in size Congenital or Acquired.
Male hypogonadism may delay puberty or cause incomplete or lack of normal development. It can cause:
In adult males, hypogonadism may alter certain masculine physical characteristics and impair normal reproductive function. Signs and symptoms may include:
Hypogonadism can also cause mental and emotional changes. As testosterone decreases, some men may experience symptoms similar to those of menopause in women. These may include:
Common causes of primary hypogonadism include:
The testicles are normal but function improperly due to a problem with the pituitary or hypothalamus.
Physical examination of secondary sexual characteristics like pubic hair, muscle mass and size of your testes, is consistent with your age.
Blood tests – Testosterone, Free Testosterone (to be done before 10am)
If tests confirm you have low testosterone, further testing can determine if a testicular disorder or a pituitary abnormality is the cause. Based on specific signs and symptoms, additional studies can pinpoint the cause. These studies may include:
Testosterone testing also plays an important role in managing hypogonadism. This helps your doctor determine the right dosage of medication, both initially and over time.
Treatment for male hypogonadism depends on the cause and whether you're concerned about fertility.